List of Maths Formulas for Class 10th CBSE

Important Maths Formulas for Class 10

People are math phobic and they think that they could not master the math formulas at all. This negative attitude affects their progress and they are nervous during their exams too. To get rid of this situation, students should have a strong hold on the basics of this subject. With a depth understanding of mathematical formulas, this is possible to score maximum marks in the exam and crack most difficult mathematics problems too.

Chapter-wise Marks in Exam

Formulas are the basic building blocks that are vital to learning from the future perspective of a child. They are used to clear tough competitive exams too and can be downloaded in PDF format online. Here, in this section, we have given the chapter-wise marking scheme for different mathematics chapter.

Chapter Marking Scheme
Algebra 26
Geometry 12
Trigonometry 10
Circle Theory 22
Probability 12
Mensuration 10
Co-ordinate Geometry 8

 

Chapter of Maths for Class 10

Maths is a crucial subject and an integral part of the study during your early schools. For the class 10th standard, there is a critical phase when students have to learn typical mathematics formulas. These formulas are the solid foundation of your study in class 10th and they should be practiced wisely.

Here, we have a complete list of chapters of maths for class 10th.

Chapter-wise Maths Formulas for Class 10

These days online coaching is at the top where you may get almost everything in an easy format. The same is true for mathematical formulas too. Online you may download a complete list of chapter-wise maths formulas for class 10th CBSE for Algebra, Trigonometry, Geometry, Probability, and Mensuration etc.

  • a2 – b2 = (a – b)(a + b)
  • (a+b)2 = a2 + 2ab + b2
  • a2 + b2 = (a – b)2 + 2ab
  • (a – b)2 = a2 – 2ab + b2
  • (a + b + c)2 = a2 + b2 + c2 + 2ab + 2ac + 2bc
  • (a – b – c)2 = a2 + b2 + c2 – 2ab – 2ac + 2bc
  • (a + b)3 = a3 + 3a2b + 3ab2 + b3 ; (a + b)3 = a3 + b3 + 3ab(a + b)
  • (a – b)3 = a3 – 3a2b + 3ab2 – b3
  • a3 – b3 = (a – b)(a2 + ab + b2)
  • a3 + b3 = (a + b)(a2 – ab + b2)
  • (a + b)3 = a3 + 3a2b + 3ab2 + b3
  • (a – b)3 = a3 – 3a2b + 3ab2 – b3
  • (a + b)4 = a4 + 4a3b + 6a2b2 + 4ab3 + b4)
  • (a – b)4 = a4 – 4a3b + 6a2b2 – 4ab3 + b4)
  • a4 – b4 = (a – b)(a + b)(a2 + b2)
  • a5 – b5 = (a – b)(a4 + a3b + a2b2 + ab3 + b4)
  • If n is a natural number, an – bn = (a – b)(an-1 + an-2b+…+ bn-2a + bn-1)
  • If n is even (n = 2k), an + bn = (a + b)(an-1 – an-2b +…+ bn-2a – bn-1)
  • If n is odd (n = 2k + 1), an + bn = (a + b)(an-1 – an-2b +…- bn-2a + bn-1)
  • (a + b + c + …)2 = a2 + b2 + c2 + … + 2(ab + ac + bc + ….
  • Laws of Exponents
    (am)(an) = am+n
    (ab)m = ambm
    (am)n = amn
  • Fractional Exponents
    a0 = 1
    aman=am−naman=am−n
    amam = 1a−m1a−m
    a−ma−m = 1am

A.Trigonometry Formulas involving Periodicity Identities:

  • \(sin(x+2\pi )=sin\; x\)
  • \(cos(x+2\pi )=cos\; x\)
  • \(tan(x+\pi )=tan\; x\)
  • \(cot(x+\pi )=cot\; x\)

B.Trigonometry Formulas involving Cofunction Identities – degree:

  • \(sin(90^{\circ}-x)=cos\; x\)
  • \(cos(90^{\circ}-x)=sin\; x\)
  • \(tan(90^{\circ}-x)=cot\; x\)
  • \(cot(90^{\circ}-x)=tan\; x\)

C.Trigonometry Formulas involving Sum/Difference Identities:

  • \( \sin (x + y) = \sin(x) \cos(y) + \cos(x) \sin(y)\)
  • \(\cos(x + y) = \cos(x) \cos(y) – \sin(x) \sin(y)\)
  • \(\tan(x+y)=\frac{\tan\: x+\tan\: y}{1-\tan\: x\cdot \tan\: y}\)
  • \(\sin(x – y) = \sin(x) \cos(y) – \cos(x) \sin(y)\)
  • \(\cos(x – y) = \cos(x) \cos(y) + \sin(x) \sin(y)\)
  • \(\tan(x-y)=\frac{\tan\: x – \tan\: y}{1+\tan\: x\cdot tan\: y}\)

D.Trigonometry Formulas involving Double Angle Identities:

  • \(\sin(2x) = 2\sin(x).\cos(x)\)
  • \(\cos(2x) = \cos^{2}(x) – \sin^{2}(x)\)
  • \(\cos(2x) = 2 \cos^{2}(x) -1\)
  • \(\cos(2x) = 1 – 2 \sin^{2}(x)\)
  • \(\tan(2x) = \frac{[2\: \tan(x)]}{[1 -\tan^{2}(x)]}\)

E.Trigonometry Formulas involving Half Angle Identities:

  • \(\sin\frac{x}{2}=\pm \sqrt{\frac{1-\cos\: x}{2}}\)
  • \(\cos\frac{x}{2}=\pm \sqrt{\frac{1+\cos\: x}{2}}\)
  • \(\tan(\frac{x}{2}) = \sqrt{\frac{1-\cos(x)}{1+\cos(x)}}\)

Also, \(\tan(\frac{x}{2}) = \sqrt{\frac{1-\cos(x)}{1+\cos(x)}}\\ \\ \\ =\sqrt{\frac{(1-\cos(x))(1-\cos(x))}{(1+\cos(x))(1-\cos(x))}}\\ \\ \\ =\sqrt{\frac{(1-\cos(x))^{2}}{1-\cos^{2}(x)}}\\ \\ \\ =\sqrt{\frac{(1-\cos(x))^{2}}{\sin^{2}(x)}}\\ \\ \\ =\frac{1-\cos(x)}{\sin(x)}\)

So, \(\tan(\frac{x}{2}) =\frac{1-\cos(x)}{\sin(x)}\)

F.Trigonometry Formulas involving Product identities:

  • \(\sin\: x\cdot \cos\:y=\frac{\sin(x+y)+\sin(x-y)}{2}\)
  • \(\cos\: x\cdot \cos\:y=\frac{\cos(x+y)+\cos(x-y)}{2}\)
  • \(\sin\: x\cdot \sin\:y=\frac{\cos(x+y)-\cos(x-y)}{2}\)

G.Trigonometry Formulas involving Sum to Product Identities:

  • \(\sin\: x+\sin\: y=2\sin\frac{x+y}{2}\cos\frac{x-y}{2}\)
  • \(\sin\: x-\sin\: y=2\cos\frac{x+y}{2}\sin\frac{x-y}{2}\)
  • \(\cos\: x+\cos\: y=2\cos\frac{x+y}{2}\cos\frac{x-y}{2}\)
  • \(\cos\: x-\cos\: y=-2\sin\frac{x+y}{2}\sin\frac{x-y}{2}\)<

6). rigonometry Formulas involving Pythagorean Identities

Sin2x + Cos2x = 1

1 + tan2x = sec2x

1 + cot2x = cosec2x

7). Trigonometry Formulas involving Pythagorean Identities in Radical Form

sinx = ∓√1cos2x

tanx = ∓√sec2x-1

cosx = ∓√1sin2x

8). Trigonometry Formulas involving Odd-Even Identities

Also called negative angle identities

Sin(-x)=-sin x

cos(-x)=-cos x

tan(-x)=-tan x

cot(-x)=-cot x

sec(-x)=-sec x

cosec(-x)=-cosec x

Ratio or Quotient Identities are given as:

Sinθ = Cosθ X Tanθ

Cosθ = Sinθ X Cotθ

Tanθ = Sinθ Cosθ

Cotθ = CosθSinθ

\(\sin \theta = \frac{Opposite}{Hypotenuse}\)

\(\sec \theta = \frac{Hypotenuse}{Adjacent}\)

\(\cos\theta = \frac{Adjacent}{Hypotenuse}\)

\(\tan \theta =\frac{Opposite}{Adjacent}\)

\(csc \theta = \frac{Hypotenuse}{Opposite}\)

\(cot \theta = \frac{Adjacent}{Opposite}\)

The Reciprocal Identities are given as:

\(cosec\theta =\frac{1}{\sin\theta }\)

\(sec\theta =\frac{1}{\cos\theta }\)

\(cot\theta =\frac{1}{\tan\theta }\)

\(sin\theta =\frac{1}{csc\theta }\)

\(cos\theta =\frac{1}{\sec\theta }\)

\(tan\theta =\frac{1}{cot\theta }\)

Getting good mathematics teachers who focus on studies completely are difficult to find. So, the best find idea is to make a list of formulas yourself or download them online start practicing right away. During practice, you will face problems too but never lose the hope because every time there is some problem, there is one solution too.

Try to improve your weaknesses with the right practice and efforts. Design an effective study plan and give more time to the topics that seem difficult than others. You should utilize a set of problems for practice and try to solve them in a given timeframe only. The topics given in the syllabus of class 9th and 10th are the foundation of mathematics especially for the students who want to get into engineering and research studies.

If you are not sure of basic problems then how can you solve typical problems in the future. Math concepts are used everywhere around us. Construction, shapes, motion, and manufacturing, machines are the result of mathematical applications in the real-time. So, a deep understanding is vital for effective learning in the future as well. Also, this is easy for you to get into higher studies and passing competitive exams in first attempt only.


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